A partially-eroded hieroglyphic phrase - translated as "praise to Un-nefer [Khafre] the statue made for Atum-Harmakhis" - was found near the bottom of the stela.Egyptologists point to this as evidence that Khafre built the Sphinx. Some time after it was excavated, the inscription flaked off. In 1379, as reported by the Arab author Al Maqrizi, a man named Saim el Dahr hacked off the Sphinx's nose.
We then performed high-frequency seismic sounding over the entire platform and in front.Thirdly, we drilled several four-inch boreholes on the small anomalies we did find (cracks) and inserted a downhole TV camera to inspect them. "The Pyramids and Temples of Gizeh." London: Histories and Mysteries of Man, Ltd, 1990, Appendix, p.In "The Pyramids and Temples of Egypt: An Update, by Zahi Hawass," (in Petrie, W. 102) mentions that Waseda University in Japan, applied for a license to work on the Gizeh Plateau in 1987.During the 17th and 18th centuries, invading Marmalukes and French soldiers reportedly used the head for target practice.The second article will deal with the controversy surrounding the age of the Sphinx.North of the Sphinx, they found another groove similar to the southern one which may indicate a tunnel underneath the Sphinx connecting the south and north grooves. Cayce predicted the Hall of Records would be found and opened by 1998.
In front of the two paws of the Sphinx, another hollow space was found one to two meters below the surface that also may extend underneath the Sphinx. In the film, Dobecki is shown taking seismic readings of a known underground chamber behind the rump of the Sphinx to establish a reading for a known underground chamber, then took seismic soundings of the area beneath the area in front of the Sphinx where a cavity was indicated by seismic readings similar to the posterior cavity.
The sacrificial altar now seen between the paws was constructed by the Romans.
Medieval and renaissance visitors took pieces of the Sphinx's headdress and face for talismans and remedies.
In addition, the lion symbolizes kingship and courage.
From Egypt, the idea of the Sphinx spread to Syria, Phoenicia, and Greece where the sphinx assumed the head and bust of a woman, and added an eagle's wings and a long serpent's tail.
Ancient tunnels run under the Valley Temple, but researchers do not know what they were used for and have not begun excavating.