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These groups often existed for years before they achieved the goal of cremation as a legal and established practice.In Holland, for example, the 1874 group did not actually open a crematorium until 1914.
Cremation is not only an established social custom but has also been used on battlefields to save the dead from the ravages of the enemy and as an emergency measure during plagues, as in the Black Death of the seventeenth century.In this case, cremation was a kind of industrial process necessary to deal with the immense number of corpses that attended Hitler's "Final Solution." With the increasing predominance of Christianity in Europe after the fifth century C.E., cremation was gradually abandoned in favor of earth burial as a symbol of the burial and resurrection of Christ.Cremation is the burning of the human body until its soft parts are destroyed by fire.The skeletal remains and ash residue (cremains) often become the object of religious rites, one for the body and one for the bones.Basic to Hinduism is the belief that the life force underlying human existence is not restricted to one life but undergoes numerous transmigrations that may involve nonhuman forms.
Hence the "self" and the identity of an individual are not simply and inevitably linked to any one body.
Cremation became an appropriate vehicle for expressing the ephemerality of bodily life and the eternity of spiritual life. For traditional Hindus, cremation fit into an overall scheme of destiny.
Symbolically, the human embryo resulted from the combination of male seed forming bones and female blood providing flesh.
These remains were divided into eight parts and built into eight stupas in different territories.
This is a good example of how cremation makes possible a greater variety of memorializing the dead than does burial.
In this account the spirit enters the fetus through the cranial suture of the skull, with the growing embryo in a sense being "cooked" by the heat of the womb.