The gardeners' partnership received the right to permanent use of land exclusively for agricultural purposes and permission to connect to public electrical and water supply networks.Dacha houses built since the late 1980s are significantly larger than older ones because legal size restrictions were liberalized, and new dacha areas became fields of relatively big houses on tiny land plots.
Often ill-equipped and without indoor plumbing, dachas were nevertheless a solution for millions of working-class families, to have their own form of summer retreat.although some dachas recently have been converted to year-round residences and vice versa.In some cases, owners occupy their dachas for part of the year and rent them to urban residents as summer retreats.Growing garden crops – still seen as an important part of dacha life – remains popular.Dachas originated as small country estates given as a gift by the tsar, and have been popular among the Russian upper- and middle-classes ever since.During the Age of Enlightenment, Russian aristocracy used their dachas for social and cultural gatherings, which were usually accompanied by masquerade balls and fireworks displays.
The coming of the Industrial Revolution to Russia brought about a rapid growth in the urban population, and wealthy urban residents increasingly desired to escape the heavily polluted cities, at least temporarily.
People living in dachas are colloquially called dachniki ( Dachas are common in Russia, and are also widespread in most parts of the former Soviet Union and in some countries of the former Eastern Bloc.
Surveys in 1993–1994 suggest about 25% of Russian families living in large cities had dachas.
Many Russian dacha owners still see gardening as a key value of dachnik culture.
Keeping historical food shortages in mind, they take great pride in growing their own food rather than buying it at a store.
They were extremely popular in the Soviet Union, because people did not have the opportunity to buy land and build a house where they wanted, and also because they lacked other opportunities to spend their time and money.