Redating the exodus and conquest
The Judean (Jewish, see Ioudaioi) control over the wider region resulted in it also becoming known as Judaea, a term that had previously only referred to the smaller region of the Judean Mountains.
But, if we believe in the historicity of Joseph and the accuracy of the events recorded in Genesis about his life and career, we can ask two questions with some hope of receiving an answer from the written and archeological sources: what is the best date for Joseph, and, once that has been posited, do the Biblical events fit in that period of Egyptian history?One may accept it at face value, thus dating the Exodus to the 15th century BC; one may totally disregard the verse's historical accuracy, which allows one to date the Exodus to any period one chooses, or indeed to deny it altogether; or one may interpret the numbers given in it to mean something less than a literal 480 years, thus invoking support from the verse for a late Exodus. It is not our purpose here to argue these positions, although I personally hold to an early Exodus.My only point is that one's view on the date of the Exodus is a determiner of one's date for Joseph.The history of Palestine is the study of the past in the region of Palestine, generally defined as a geographic region in the Southern Levant between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River (where Israel and the Palestinian territories are today), and various adjoining lands.During the Early and Middle Bronze Age, independent Canaanite city-states were established, and were influenced by the surrounding civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Phoenicia, Minoan Crete, and Syria.The region was among the earliest in the world to see human habitation, agricultural communities and civilization.
In 691, the Dome of the Rock became the world's first great work of Islamic architecture.
From 878 Palestine was ruled from Egypt by semi-autonomous rulers for almost a century, beginning with Ahmad ibn Tulun, and ending with the Ikhshidid rulers who were both buried in Jerusalem.
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The second idea, that Joseph should best be thought of as serving when fellow Syro-Palestinians ruled part of Egypt seems to be unsound.
It assumes that Syro-Palestinians, regardless of specific nationality, would favor one another.
Also, proponents of a 12th Dynasty date for Joseph argue that when Joseph is called from prison to meet Pharaoh in Genesis , he has to shave and put on clean clothing.