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Multiple Personality Disorder, or MPD, is one of the most talked about and publicized disorders known and is the center of much debate and criticism.What is currently known about MPD has become common place over the past 20 years.
The disease theory of Multiple Personality Disorder is that unhappiness in adulthood stems from trauma in childhood (Gleaves, Hernandez, & Warner, 1999) and the trauma is so severe that the individual creates multiple identities to cope with it (Spanos, 1994).The next topic that is discussed is how Multiple Personality Disorder and Dissociative Identity Disorder relate and differ.Finally, the idea of Multiple Personality Disorder, being a skewed misconception created by society, and the need for a more accepted term (DID) is emphasized.This paper reviews what MPD is, relates it to Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), and reviews the criticisms of the disorder.The conclusion that is reached is that DID exists and is related to MPD.This really goes back to reasons for why the popularity and recognition of Multiple Personality Disorder is ever changing.
A mixture of MPD being a "popular" disorder and the unclear classification of the disorder are the major reasons for the criticism (Lilienfeld et al., 1999).
So it's not hard to conclude that Dissociative Disorders are rather rare but dissociative experiences are very common (Kihlstrom, Glisky, & Angiulo, 1994).
The next step is to explore the most common personality traits that are related to dissociation.
Janet also theorized about when vulnerability was at its highest.
The developmental window of vulnerability is 18 months to 8 years old (Pica, 1999).
This is because the intense trauma caused by abuse may create other disorders as well.