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Online dating deception statistics on domestic violence

online dating deception statistics on domestic violence-2

Many immigrant families are reluctant to seek or accept formal assistance from medical and social service institutions given past experiences with oppression, fear of being deported, and general distrust of authority figures [2].Despite these trends, the literature examining child abuse in immigrant and ethnic minority families is quite minimal when compared to the larger picture of child abuse/maltreatment research.

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For example, African American children constitute 15% of the child population in the United States, but 32% of children in the child welfare system are African American [51].Hispanic infants comprise the largest portion, representing more than half of all births in 26 states including California, Texas, and New Mexico [3].The number of white children in the United States declined between 20, and by 2020, they are projected to make up 49% of this population [29,45].The increase in industrialization and urbanization of the early 20th century resulted in heightened crime, poverty, and social disorganization, all of which affected children.As a consequence, social reforms targeted to children, such as child labor restrictions and compulsory education laws, began to emerge [93].Childhood was not necessarily viewed as a distinct stage of the life cycle; rather, children were viewed as miniature adults [6].

It was not until the 15th and 16th centuries, with the rise of the middle class, that childhood began to be considered a separate developmental stage [6].

Many require new skills to navigate a new social and cultural system.

Furthermore, immigrant families may be isolated, and isolation, along with the stressors, increases these families' vulnerability to child maltreatment and other problems [2].

Children were viewed as God's creatures, to be loved and protected, but also as sinful humans [8].

As a result, parents, teachers, preachers, and adults who were responsible for the moral upbringing and socialization of children were encouraged to use strict discipline to correct the evilness that was part of their human nature [8].

The process of immigration involves uprooting from the familiar—leaving one's homeland, family, friends, work, lifestyle, and in some cases, even value systems behind [4].