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The writers expected them to be put into practice in Israel’s temple, so the rituals would express this theology as well, as well as ethical concern for the poor.Many other interpreters have followed Milgrom in exploring the theological and ethical implications of Leviticus’s regulations (e.g.
The ritual instructions in the Priestly code apparently grew from priests giving instruction and answering questions about ritual matters; the Holiness code (or H) used to be regarded as a separate document later incorporated into Leviticus, but it seems better to think of the Holiness authors as editors who worked with the Priestly code and actually produced Leviticus as we now have it.The English name Leviticus comes from the Latin Leviticus, which is in turn from the Greek Greek Λευιτικόν, Leuitikon”, referring the priestly tribe of the Israelites, “Levi.”The Greek expression is in turn a variant of the rabbinic Hebrew torat kohanim, The traditional view is that Leviticus was compiled by Moses, or that the material in it goes back to his time, but internal clues suggest that the book developed much later in Israel's history and was completed either near the end of the Kingdom of Judah in the late seventh century BC or in the exilic and post-exilic period of the sixth and fifth centuries BC.Scholars debate whether it was written primarily for Jewish worship in exile that centered on reading or preaching, but they are practically unanimous that the book had a long period of growth, and that although it includes some material of considerable antiquity, it reached its present form in the Persian period (538–332 BC).The purpose is to underline the character of altar priesthood (i.e., those priests empowered to offer sacrifices to God) as an Aaronite privilege, and the responsibilities and dangers of their position.With sacrifice and priesthood established, chapters 11–15 instruct the lay people on purity (or cleanliness).Chapters 1–5 describe the various sacrifices from the sacrificers' point of view, although the priests are essential for handling the blood.
Chapters 6–7 go over much the same ground, but from the point of view of the priest, who, as the one actually carrying out the sacrifice and dividing the "portions", needs to know how this is to be done.
The En-Gedi Scroll, a burnt text that was excavated from an ancient Synagogue in Ein Gedi in 1970, and has been carbon dated to the late 5th century AD, was recently discovered to contain verses from the second chapter of Leviticus, making it the oldest piece of the Torah ever discovered after the Dead Sea Scrolls.
The text was unreadable until analyzed with a micro CT scanner that was then used to recreate a 3D image of the scroll.
Most of its chapters (1–7, 11–27) consist of God's speeches to Moses which he is commanded to repeat to the Israelites.
This takes place within the story of the Israelites' Exodus after they escaped Egypt and reached Mt. The Book of Exodus narrates how Moses led the Israelites in building the Tabernacle (Exodus 35–40) based on God's instructions (Exodus 25–31).
) is the third book of the Torah and the third book of the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament).