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The Copenhagen-Ringsted Line will relieve traffic congestion.
The city is the cultural, economic and governmental centre of Denmark; it is one of the major financial centres of Northern Europe with the Copenhagen Stock Exchange.The University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark.Copenhagen is home to the FC København and Brøndby football clubs.With a number of bridges connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterised by parks, promenades and waterfronts.Copenhagen's landmarks such as Tivoli Gardens, The Little Mermaid statue, the Amalienborg and Christiansborg palaces, Rosenborg Castle Gardens, Frederik's Church, and many museums, restaurants and nightclubs are significant tourist attractions.The Copenhagen Metro launched in 2002 serves central Copenhagen while the Copenhagen S-train and Lokaltog (private railway) and the Coast Line network serves and connects central Copenhagen to outlying boroughs.
To relieve traffic congestion, which is partly the result of increased traffic because of the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link road and rail construction is planned because the narrow 10 mile isthmus between Roskilde Fjord and Køge Bugt (Køge Bay) forms a traffic bottleneck.
The literal English translation would be "chapman's haven".
Although the earliest historical records of Copenhagen are from the end of the 12th century, recent archaeological finds in connection with work on the city's metropolitan rail system revealed the remains of a large merchant's mansion near today's Kongens Nytorv from c. Excavations in Pilestræde have also led to the discovery of a well from the late 12th century.
Substantial discoveries of flint tools in the area provide evidence of human settlements dating to the Stone Age.
The earliest written mention of the town was in the 12th century when Saxo Grammaticus in Gesta Danorum referred to it as Portus Mercatorum, meaning Merchants' Harbour or, in the Danish of the time, Købmannahavn.
After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century, the city underwent a period of redevelopment.