John gospel dating
This would not be possible unless John’s Gospel was written early enough to be available to the author(s) of this document.In addition, the Muratorian Fragment, containing information dated to approximately 180AD, describes the origin of John’s Gospel and seems to take for granted the fact that John’s “fellow-disciples” (including the apostle Andrew) were still alive and present with John when he wrote his account.
John Refers to the Pool of Bethesda in a Particular Way In Chapter 5, verse 2, John wrote, “there is in Jerusalem, by the sheep-gate, a pool (the one called Bethesda in Hebrew) which has five porticoes.” John used the present tense word “is” (ἐστιν) when describing the existence of the pool, yet the pool was destroyed in 70AD when Jerusalem was sacked by the Romans.Here is a very brief summary of the evidence establishing the early dating of the Gospel of John: John Fails to Describe the Olivet Discourse John’s Gospel is missing the Olivet Discourse, the Biblical passage (found in all the other gospels: Matthew 24, Mark 13, and Luke 21) in which Jesus predicts the destruction of the Temple.If John was aware of the fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of the Jewish Temple (that occurred in 70AD), it makes sense he would have included Jesus’ predictions in this regard as a point of emphasis.This would also argue for an early date of authorship.Finally, a set of early introductions to the Gospels, known as the Anti-Marcionite Prologues (penned as early as 150AD), cites Papias as the source for the claim that “the Gospel of John was revealed and given to the churches by John while Peter turned and saw the disciple whom Jesus loved following them, the one who also had leaned back against him during the supper and had said, “Lord, who is it that is going to betray you?John appears to have written this passage very early (as someone who knew Jerusalem intimately) to people who were familiar with the pool.
John’s Gospel Is Similar to First Century “Dead Sea Scrolls” Scholars note textual and conceptual parallels between John’s Gospel and some of the ancient first century “Dead Sea Scrolls” (nearly 1,000 ancient scrolls have been discovered in caves near Khirbet Qumran in the eastern Judean Desert).
Both John’s Gospel and the scrolls (known to have been written in the first century) reflect strong thematic similarities (particularly related to “dualism,” “predestination,” and messianic expectations).
Papyrus Evidence Affirms an Early Date for John’s Gospel In 1934, while examining uncatalogued papyrus fragments in the John Rylands Library at the University of Manchester, British scholar, C. Roberts, discovered a papyrus containing portions of John Chapter 18.
In John , for example, John writes about “the twelve” as a special subset of the larger group of disciples, but he does so without describing they are unique related to the other followers.
John writes as though this information is already available to his readers (in the gospels that preceded his).
I also believe this gospel was written early; within the lifetime of people who witnessed the events it records.