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Assyrian records say he levelled 46 walled cities and besieged Jerusalem, leaving after receiving extensive tribute.Modern scholars believe that refugees from the destruction of Israel moved to Judah during the rule of King Hezekiah (ruler from 715 - 686 BCE), greatly expanding Jerusalem and leading to construction of the Siloam Tunnel which could provide water during a siege.
Monotheism, the belief in a single all-powerful law-giving God is thought to have evolved among the Hebrew speakers gradually, over the next few centuries, from a number of separate cults, The Hebrew Bible describes constant warfare between the Jews and other tribes, including the Philistines, whose capital was Gaza.In 1979 an uneasy Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty was signed, based on the Camp David Accords.In 1993, Israel signed Oslo I Accord with the Palestine Liberation Organization, followed by establishment of the Palestinian National Authority and in 1994 Israel–Jordan peace treaty was signed.Both David and Solomon are widely referenced in Jewish, Christian and Islamic texts.Around 930 BCE, following the death of Solomon, the kingdom split into a southern Kingdom of Judah and a northern Kingdom of Israel.Modern Israel is roughly located on the site of the ancient kingdoms of Israel and Judah.
The area (also known as Land of Israel and as Palestine) is the birthplace of the Hebrew language, the place that the Hebrew Bible was composed and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity.
The first use of grapheme-based writing originated in the area, probably among Canaanite peoples resident in Egypt.
This evolved into the Phoenician alphabet from which all modern alphabetical writing systems are descended.
The adoption of Christianity by the Roman Empire in the 4th century led to a Christian majority which lasted until the 7th century when the area was conquered by the Arab Empire.
It gradually became predominantly Moslem until the Crusades between 10, when it was the focal point of conflict between Christianity and Islam.
The Bible's Books of Kings states that soon after the split Pharoh "Shishaq" invaded the country, plundering Jerusalem.