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Developmental psychologists and neuroscientists used to know little of one anothers work. As a graduate student, Diamond realized that for 50 years developmental psychologists and neuroscientists had been using essentially the same behavioral task without knowing it.

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Her work has shown that executive functions can be improved even in the very young. These abilities are crucial for problem-solving, creativity, and reasoning, and for success in all life's aspects. Diamond has given invited addresses all across North America and abroad (including in Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Ecuador, France, Mexico, the Netherlands, Germany, India, Indonesia [Bali & Java], Israel, Italy, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, and the UK [England, Scotland, & Wales]) to audiences ranging from neurologists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, & neuropsychologists, educators, developmental psychologists, & early childcare providers, lawyers, administrators, & policymakers, cognitive scientists & neuroscientists, psychoanalysts, clinical psychologists, rehabilitation therapists, school psychologists, social workers, & parents, and to visual artists, musicians, & dancers. Keynote Address, 2nd International Seminar on Neuroscience and Education as part of the Celebration for the 50th Anniversary of the Montessori-Palau School, Girona, Spain. Invited talk, Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group Conference (HCEO) Measuring and Assessing Skills at the University of Chicago, Chicago, IL. v=8mxjr_p E-DY resources: hceconomics.uchicago.edu/news/adele-diamond-executive-functions-and-brain Diamond, A. Even though PFC is very immature early in life and takes a very long time to develop, it can already subserve elementary versions of the highest cognitive functions during the first year of life. Diamond went on to facilitate many of the earliest collaborations between developmental and cognitive scientists, on the one hand, and neuroscientists on the other. Normal development of prefrontal cortex from birth to young adulthood: Cognitive functions, anatomy, and biochemistry. Adele Diamond Canada Research Chair in Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Department of Psychiatry University of British Columbia (UBC) 2255 Wesbrook Mall, Room G842 Vancouver, BC V6T 2A1 Canada Head, Program in Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, Dept. The Bronfenbrenner Award is given to an individual whose work has, over a lifetime career, contributed not only to the science of developmental psychology, but who has also worked to apply developmental psychology to society. Symposium on 'Creativity, Flexibility, Self-Control, and Discipline: Building Executive Function Skills in Young Children: Practice & Policy, ' Lipsitt-Duchin lecture series co-sponsored by Brown University and Rhode Island KIDS COUNT, Providence, RI Valedictory Address, Conference on Science, Spirituality, and Education, presided over by the Dalai Lama, sponsored by Namgyal Institute of Tibetology, to advise the Government of Sikkim in their endeavor to overhaul the Provisional Education System so that they educate not only the head but also the heart, in Gangtok, Sikkim, India Keynote Addresses at: International Workshop on “Selection and Control Mechanisms in Perception and Action,” Jerusalem, Israel Annual General Meeting, Association Montessori Internationale, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, One of three scientists invited to speak on stage with the Dalai Lama and another Nobel Peace Laureate, Mairead Maguire, on “Heart-Mind Education: Enhancing academic, social, and emotional competence” at the Orpheum Theatre, Vancouver, broadcast live worldwide by CTV as part of the Vancouver Peace Summit See video at: ca/2009-peace-summit/vancouver/2009-vancouver-peace-summit-tuesday-september-29th-2009/#clip217357 and: of Psychiatry, UBC (2008- ) Founding Fellow, Institute of Mental Health, UBC (2006-) Member, Graduate Program in Neuroscience, Undergraduate Program in Cognitive Systems, Centre for Brain Health, UBC the Human Early Learning Partnership (HELP) Child and Family Research Institute Neuro Dev Net, a Network of Centres of Excellence (NCE) dedicated to helping children overcome neurodevelopmental disorders Faculty Fellow, Green College at UBC (2007-2009) Founding Member, CIRCA (Centre for Interdisciplinary Research and Collaboration in Autism) at UBC (2010- ) [up] [home] Adele Diamond is the Canada Research Chair Professor of Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. v=k D2c WBGMVAg Keynote Addresses at: Conference on School Readiness and School Success: From research to policy and practice, Quebec City, QC Annual Conference, Australian Society for the Study of Brain Impairment (ASSBI), Sydney, AU Australian Society for the Study of Brain Impairment (ASSBI) 2009 Conference, Sydney, AU British Psychological Society Annual Meeting, Developmental Section, Nottingham, UK First Call: BC Child and Youth Advocacy Coalition, Honoring Our Advocacy Fundraiser, Vancouver Invited Addresses: Biennial Conference on Human Development, Washington, DC Meeting on Emerging Self-Regulation: The Measurement of Executive Function during Early Childhood, Penn. section headed by Richard Morris & Leslie Ungerleider, within the Neurosci. Researchers and educators tend to focus on one aspect of a person in isolation.

For example, efforts to study or to improve cognitive skills (such as EFs) or academic performance are generally done ignoring whether participants are happy or sad, lonely or healthy.

We offer a markedly different perspective from mainstream education in hypothesizing that focusing exclusively on training cognitive skills is less efficient, and ultimately less successful, than also addressing youths emotional, social, and physical needs. Inability of 5-month-old infants to retrieve a contiguous object: A failure of conceptual understanding or of control of action? PMID10836557 (Special issue: New directions for Child Development in the 21st Century).

Our hypothesis is that besides training the skill(s) of interest, its important to support those skills by lessening things that impair them and enhancing things that support them.

To test that hypothesis, Diamond again turned to work in both humans and animals. Executive functioning in preschoolers: Reducing the inhibitory demands of the dimensional change card sort task. doi:10.1016/20 PMID:15301752 (abstract) (pdf) Diamond, A., Briand , L., Fossella , J., & Gehlbach, L. Genetic and neurochemical modulation of prefrontal cognitive functions in children.

Diamonds team studied children and animal models, combining neurochemical and behavioral work in animals --creating the first animal model of treated PKU along the way -- with longitudinal testing of an extensive battery of neurocognitive tasks in infants and children. Diamonds team had found converging evidence from two very different domains, vision and cognition, in support of her hypothesis about the mechanism causing cognitive deficits in PKU children when their Phe levels were maintained at what had been thought to be safe levels (3-5 times normal; 360-600 μmol/L). PFC cognitive deficits were closely related to childrens levels of Phe. The deficit in contrast sensitivity was closely related to what the childrens Phe levels had been during the first month of life. Not quite as grown-up as we like to think: Parallels between cognition in childhood and adulthood. doi:10.1111/j.0956-7976.2005.01530.x NIHMS:16818 (abstract) (pdf) Rennie, D., Bull, R.

Diamond realized that the latter might provide a mechanism to account for the former because children well-treated for PKU typically had slightly elevated blood levels of phenylalanine (Phe) and slightly reduced blood levels of tyrosine. doi:10.1016/j.appdev.20 (abstract) (pdf) Kirkham, N.