For other uses, see Gospel music, Gospel (disambiguation), or The Four Gospels (disambiguation).
Another genre is that of gospel harmonies, in which the four canonical gospels were selectively recast as a single narrative to present a consistent text. The Diatessaron was such a harmonization, compiled by Tatian around 175.This article is about books written about the life of Jesus.For the Good News of salvation through Jesus, The gospel.Irenaeus of Lyons went further, stating that there must be four gospels and only four because there were four corners of the Earth and thus the Church should have four pillars.Epiphanius, Jerome and other early church fathers preserve in their writings citations from Jewish-Christian gospels.Most modern critical scholars consider that the extant citations suggest at least two and probably three distinct works, at least one of which (possibly two) closely parallels the Gospel of Matthew.
It had been lost but was discovered, in a Coptic version dating from c.
The Gospel of Mary was originally written in Greek during the 2nd century. It consists mainly of dialog between Mary Magdalene and the other disciples.
It is typically not considered a gospel by scholars since it does not focus on the life of Jesus.
In the immediate aftermath of Jesus' death his followers expected him to return at any moment, certainly within their own lifetimes, and in consequence there was little motivation to write anything down for future generations, but as eyewitnesses began to die, and as the missionary needs of the church grew, there was an increasing demand and need for written versions of the founder's life and teachings.
Mark uses a variety of sources, including conflict stories (Mark 2:1–3:6), apocalyptic discourse (4:1–35), and collections of sayings (although not sayings gospel known as the Gospel of Thomas and probably not the Q source used by Matthew and Luke).
The most obvious contrast is between John and the three synoptics: both relate the basic story-line from John the Baptist to the resurrection of Jesus, but within this overall framework they present completely different pictures of Jesus' career.