Catal Huyuk (pronounced cha-tel hoo-yek, or Çatalhöyük in Turkish) is an archaeological site in what is now south-central Turkey.
"By scientifically attaching an age to the ancient Çatalhöyük East site in central Turkey, we will be able to explore and understand historical processes in more detail.As the town made the transition from a hunter-gatherer site to a true city, various implements were needed in order to complete the tasks associated with both farming and herding.Archaeologists have found numerous articles to this end, especially stone and obsidian tools.As evidenced by paintings, it's clear that hunting was of the utmost importance, but also a number of artifacts have been uncovered that allude to the importance of fertility goddesses.Statuettes of goddesses have been found throughout the site, reinforcing findings at other Stone Age sites throughout the Near East.For example, the development and spread of early farming, the emergence of religion, and the conditions that allowed the growth of urbanism.
"Our results should have impact across discussion of early societies in the Middle East and beyond." The project starts in August as part of the wider Çatalhöyük Research Project, which is directed by Ian Hodder with permission from the Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism.
This is further collaborated by the importance of hunting in paintings, especially for ceremonial purposes.
In fact, archaeologists have been able to learn quite a great deal about the ceremonial lives of those who lived at Catal Huyuk.
Free 5-day trial Catal Huyuk is one of the oldest towns ever found by archaeologists, dating back more than 9,000 years.
While only having been excavated sporadically over the past 100 years, the site has given historians and archaeologists great insights into how humanity first decided to settle into towns.
The site, which means 'fork mound' in Turkish, sits astride what was once a river valley.