10 simple rules dating sports guy bill simmons
Diacritical marks may appear above or below a letter, or in some other position such as within the letter or between two letters.The main use of diacritical marks in the Latin script is to change the sound-values of the letters to which they are added.
In orthography and collation, a letter modified by a diacritic may be treated either as a new, distinct letter or as a letter–diacritic combination.This varies from language to language, and may vary from case to case within a language.In some cases, letters are used as "in-line diacritics", with the same function as ancillary glyphs, in that they modify the sound of the letter preceding them, as in the case of the "h" in the English pronunciation of "sh" and "th".This has led to fears internationally that the marks and accents may be made obsolete to facilitate the worldwide exchange of data.Efforts have been made to create internationalized domain names that further extend the English alphabet (e.g., "pokémon.com").Such a key is sometimes referred to as a dead key, as it produces no output of its own but modifies the output of the key pressed after it.
In modern Microsoft Windows and Linux operating systems, the keyboard layouts US International and UK International feature dead keys that allow one to type Latin letters with the acute, grave, circumflex, diæresis, tilde, and cedilla found in Western European languages (specifically, those combinations found in the ISO Latin-1 character set) directly: ¨ e gives ë, ~ o gives õ, etc.
It first appeared in the 11th century in the sequence ii (as in ingeníí), then spread to i adjacent to m, n, u, and finally to all lowercase i's.
The j, originally a variant of i, inherited the tittle.
The Scandinavian languages, by contrast, treat the characters with diacritics ä, ö and å as new and separate letters of the alphabet, and sort them after z.
Usually ä is sorted as equal to æ (ash) and ö is sorted as equal to ø (o-slash).
In other alphabetic systems, diacritical marks may perform other functions.